1 January 2013

The Importance of Education in Islam

“The best among you who learns holy Quran and teach it to others”

Islam is the religion of peace and has given us guidance in every aspect of life. Islam has given us education with knowledge which has no limits. One of the most important aspects of Islam is Education. Knowledge and Education are highly emphasized in Islam. Islam has made it a duty on every Muslim male and female to gain knowledge, which is considered to be a superior act of worship in Islam. Knowledge is identified in Islam as worship. The acquiring of knowledge is worship, reading the Quran and pondering upon it is worship, traveling to gain knowledge is worship.
Knowledge is the most important thing in one’s life. Education makes man a right thinker and a correct decision-maker. Without education, the training of the human mind is incomplete. No individual is a human being in the proper sense until he has been educated. Education is thus the starting point of every successful human activity.
This is why Islam attaches such great importance to knowledge, learning and education. In Islam, one of the aims of acquiring knowledge is that of becoming more conscious of Allah. Knowledge is not only limited to the religious knowledge but includes all forms of knowledge. Education is the knowledge of putting one's potentials to maximum use. Without education, no one can find the proper right path in this world. Acquiring knowledge enables Muslims to get a better perception and understanding of the world around us and make us more conscious of Allah. So everything we seek knowledge for, better be for good cause to humanity.
Islam, in theory as well as in practice, has always promoted knowledge Islam attaches such great importance to knowledge and education The Prophet(pbuh) did not only preach about importance of knowledge; he also gave practical examples of promoting knowledge. One of the criteria of releasing the POWs devised by the Prophet was that those who were literate among the pris­oners could go free if they teach ten Mus­lim children how to read and write.
The QurĂ¢n and the Hadiths of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) both obligate Muslim men and women to acquire knowledge and education.
The importance of education is repeatedly emphasized in the Koran with the frequent injunctions such as:
·       Distinctive mark of human beings over the an­gels is knowledge:"And Allah taught Adam all the names…” (2:31)
·        "Allah grants wisdom to whom He pleases and to whom wisdom is granted indeed he receives an overflowing benefit."( 2:269)
·       "As God has taught him, so let him write" (2:282)
·       Scholars are considered to be like angels (3:18),
·       “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge" [ 20:114]
·       Concerning knowledge and Education the Qur'an states as follows; “Those truly fear Allah, among His Servants, who have knowledge”. (35:28)
·       The Qur'an says."Are those who have knowledge equal to those who do not have knowledge?!”(39:9).
·       "God will exalt those of you who believe and those who have knowledge to high degrees" (58:11)
·       When the Quran began to be revealed, the first word of its first verse was 'Iqra' that is, read.” Read in the name of thy Lord who created; [He] created the human being from blood clot. Read in the name of thy Lord who taught by the pen: [He] taught the human being what he did not know." (96: 1-5).
Some of the Hadith regarding the importance of Education:
·       Prophet Muhammad (saws) said: “Seeking knowledge is a duty of every Muslim, man or woman”. (Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 218)
·       Angels in heaven, fish in the water and ants in their dwellings pray for the well-being of a seeker of knowledge.- Tirmidhi
·       Another Hadith states that, “The Father, if he educates his daughter well, will enter Paradise”.
·       Yet another Hadith states that, “A mother is a school. If she is educated, then a whole people are educated”.
·       The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) encouraged all Muslims to acquire knowledge and share it. He said:
"Acquire knowledge, for he who acquires it in the way of Allah performs an act of piety; he who speaks of it, praises the Lord; he who seeks it, adores Allah; he who dispenses instruction in it, bestows alms; and he who imparts it to others, performs an act of devotion to Allah." (Bukhari, Muslim)
·       According to a Hadith, the ink of the pen of a scholar is more precious than the blood of a martyr.
·       According to a Hadith, the ink of the pen of a scholar is more precious than the blood of a martyr.
·       All the books of Hadith have a chapter on knowledge (ilm). In Sahih Bukhari there is a chapter entitled, “The virtue of one who acquires ilm (learning) and imparts it to others.”
·       One who treads a path in search of knowledge has his way paved to paradise by God as a reward for this noble deed. (Bukhari, Muslim)
·       In another hadith the Prophet of Islam observed that those who learned virtue and taught it to others were the best among humankind. (Al-Bayhaqi).
·       The Prophet once observed that “the worship of a learned man is a thousand times better than that of the ignorant worshipper.”
·       The Prophet is reported to have said: “An hour of reflection is better than a hundred years of worship without reflection.” (Al-Bayhaqi).
The Prophet of Islam (PBUH) empha­sized the importance of seeking knowl­edge:
(a): "Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave."
(b): "Seek knowledge even if it is far as China."
(c): "Seeking of knowledge is a duty of every Muslim"
            (d) "Wisdom is the lost prop­erty of the believer, he should take it even if finds it in the        mouth of a mushrik."
·       The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: The position of only two persons is enviable; the person whom Allah bestowed wealth empowering him to spend it in the way of righteousness, and the person whom Allah gave wisdom with which he adjudges and which he teaches to others.( Ibn Mas’ud)
·       The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: A single scholar of religion is more formidable against shaytaan (Evil) than a thousand devout persons. (According to Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah,)
·       The Prophet said: "When a man dies, all his deeds come to an end except for three — an ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge or a righteous child who will pray for him." (Muslim)
·       Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) once said, “he who leaves the home in search of knowledge is walking with God.
Knowledge is pursued and practiced with modesty and humility and leads to beauty and dignity, freedom and justice. The main purpose of acquiring knowledge is to bring us closer to God. Knowledge must be linked with values and goals. One of the purposes of acquiring knowledge is to gain the good of this world, not to destroy it Another purpose of knowledge is to spread freedom and dignity, truth and justice. Four characteristics are essential for a Muslim ruler, Knowledge, Piety, Justice and Administration. Tolerance is the first step towards learning. The real knowledge makes us tolerant, civilized and rational.
The following Hadith shows how important and how rewarding knowledge is.
·       "He who acquires knowledge acquires a vast portion." AND "If anyone going on his way in search of knowledge, God will, thereby make easy for him the way to Paradise."

Six Etiquettes of learning
"There are six stages to knowledge:
·       Firstly: Asking questions in a good manner.
·       Secondly: Remaining quiet and listening attentively.
·       Thirdly: Understanding well.
·       Fourthly: Memorizing.
·       Fifthly: Teaching.
·       Sixthly: and it is its fruit: Acting upon the knowledge and keeping to its limits."
“O Lord, increase us in knowledge.” (Quran, 20:114] Aameen.
·       The Holy Quran.
·       Hadith 
·       Education in Islam by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi 
·       Woman Education in Islam- Samina Yaqoob.
·       The Concept of Education in Islam- Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas
·        Concept of Reality, Knowledge and Value in Islam - Sultan Muhammad.



“Islam” the religion of peace, which has over 1.6 billion followers or about 23% of the world population, is not only a religion but also a complete way of life, The Holy Quran; the most comprehensive divine book of the world has the solution to every problem.  Let it be personal or issues related with economics, business or politics. It’s a vast source of knowledge. It tells us about history, Geography, Astronomy, Biology, and Management etc. The Holy Quran, has the most comprehensive collection of guiding principles, teaches us, guides us and shows us light in every walk of life.
            Islam has already given the principles of management 1400 years ago. It shows that the best book about management is Quran. Management that is considered to be one of the most important subjects of modern times is also derived from the knowledge that Quran has given us. Many of its principles and theories that are made in 16th or 17th century are derived from the knowledge that The Holy Quran has given us 14 centuries ago. There are 300 verses in the holy Quran on management; these verses should be studied for explaining the managerial view of the holy Quran.

Islamic Concept of Management:
·       The basis for Islamic Management is the Al-Quran and the Al-Sunnah.
·       Islamic Management is the right way of managing people and organization.
·       Practicing the principles of Islamic Management enables leaders and managers to achieve unity among the followers/members of the organization quickly and this will enhances quality performance.

Principles of Islamic Management:
1. Honesty
2. Efficiency
3. Patriotism
4. Right man in the right place
5. Discipline
6. Division of labor
7. Unity of command and unity of direction
8. Centralization and decentralization
9. Preference to the organizational interest
10. Remuneration
11. Economy
12. Justice for all
13. United efforts
14. Dignity of labor
15. Exemption
16. Accountability
17. Tawakkul -The act of relying upon something or someone - to place faith or confidence in Allah (usually).

Characteristics of Islamic Management

1. Basic foundation of Islamic Management is the Quran and Sunnah.
2. Original model of IM is Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and his companions.
3.  Only economic development is not the final target of IM.
4. Activities aimed at welfare in the life hereafter.
5. Employees should maintain cordial relationship and team spirit.
6. Accountability is twofold: i) to immediate boss and ii) Almighty Allah
7. Manager considers himself as a vicegerent of Allah.
8. Property is thought to be trusted by Allah to the users and the managers.
9. Decisions are made through consultation ( Mashwara).
10. The manager does not have any greed to misuse the power of the post.
11. There must be prevailing peace, development and other benefits.
12. IM is applicable to personal, familial and social, economic and political organizations.
13. Here hypocrisy, forgery, activities adverse to religion and morality are not tolerated.
14. Management is thought to be a universal concept.
15. There is freedom of thinking and expression.
16. Competition is a common strategy in good deeds.


1.Management today is defined as “Getting things done through others.”
Following this concept, a Manager is now understood as the person who works through others. A good manager, therefore, is a person who not only knows what is to be done but exactly how to get it done.
The Holy Quran confirm
·       [43:32] “We raise some of them above others in ranks, so that some may command work from others...”
This ayah from Surah Al-Zakahraf (43:32) encompasses the entire philosophy and wisdom of modern management. It emphasizes, in essence, the creation of appropriate hierarchies and the division of responsibilities subject to individual capabilities.
2. Another  most Important Principle of  Management is leadership. .
 “Without leadership every member of the group will go in his own direction instead of following the decision of the group or participate in teamwork.”
This principle comes from the Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) which says:
·       “When three men travel together, they should make one of them their leader.” (Abu Dawood, no. 2608).This Hadith places an emphasis on the importance of leadership.
3. Another Important Principle of the Management is the Joint Consultations.
The modern world realized the importance of joint consultation (Shura) and team-work when the Japanese based its management style on it and proved to the world of its effectiveness.
The Holy Quran advocates for this concept:
·       [42:38] “...and those who do their work through mutual consultation.
·       [3:159] “…pass over (their faults), and ask for (God's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then, when you have taken a decision put your trust in God, for God loves those who put their trust (in Him).”
This principle comes from the social life of Islam. Muslims used to gather before their battles and during the regular meetings held by the Prophet (pbuh) to teach the Sahabah (the companions) Islamic principles.
Obedience and respect for authority is the basic fundamental requisite for taking work from others and getting it done. It is necessary for those people who are given the job to complete a task to obey all legal and reasonable orders and perform it responsibly.
·       Holy Quran instructs: [4:59] “Obey Allah and His Messenger and those in position of authority among you.”
The principle of equal opportunities postulate that all members of an organization shall have equal and fair chances to grow, contribute, and be rewarded accordingly.
·       The Holy Quran emphasis this golden rule [49:13] “O people we created you from a single male and female couple and then divided you in nations and tribes so that you may recognize one another. “Verily the most honorable among you in the sight of Allah is he who is most righteous of you.”
In the light of this Quranic v e r s e   if there is any criterion of superiority and respectability in the sight of Allah, it is T a q w a (righteousness).”
Commitment to do work can only be achieved through motivation. The way a manager behaves or deals with the subordinates determines the level and vitality of his motivation and commitment to a great extent.
The Holy Quran too speaks about this golden rule:
·       [3:159] “(telling the Prophet) if you had been stern and fierce of heart they (the companions and followers) would have disappeared from around you. So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the conduct of affairs”
This beautiful Ayat emphasizes upon two aspects: one, that compassionate and sympathetic behavior towards companions and followers, and second, the adoption of participatory approach when dealing with them i.e. consulting them, is the most effective way of management.
            If this golden rule is not observed then “they will disappear from you” i.e. they won’t pay attention nor any interest in you or what your work entails.
Both these golden rules play vital role in the motivation of subordinates and inculcating in them the spirit of commitment and passion for work.
7. Unity of Command
The Organization should have a single plan of action to guide managers and workers.
This principle can be found in the Holy Quran in these words;
·       (21:22) “If there were in the heavens and the earth, other gods, besides Allah, there would have been collision in both.”
This Ayat shows the importance and necessity of unity of command and unity of direction.
8. Giving importance to Organizational Interests than Individual.
The interest of any employee or group of employees should not take precedence over the interest of the organization as a whole.
·       Islam means peace. Muslim means a person who submits his will to the god Allah. This principle can be found in Hadees of Bukhari Shareef where Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said “I swear by the one who owns my life, nobody can be honest, unless and until he like the things for his brother (other Muslims) that he likes for himself.”
In an Organization the workers must be paid reasonable and fair wage for their services.
·       Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) says that the worker must be paid before drying his sweat, this helps to keep your workers and employees happy.
Wastage—either in terms of: material, human capital, energy, machine utilization, or processing time, creates inefficiencies resulting in the increase of costs and consequent decrease in profits.
Continuous and aggressive pursuit of wastage elimination led Toyota to become one of the most efficient manufacturing organizations in the world. Their success is thus based on two principles:
1. Complete Elimination of Wastage; and
2. Equal Level of Respect for all.
Their success-story has inspired many companies throughout the globe, and adoption of these principles and methodologies in these companies concerning continuous elimination of waste is already underway.
The holy Quran has spoken against wastage and lavish expenditure in following words: 
·       [17:26] “And render to the kindred their due rights, as (also) to those in want, and to the wayfarer. But waste not (your wealth, time, health, Talents, opportunities etc) in the manner of a spendthrift.”
·       [17:27] “For the wasteful are the brothers of Satan; and Satan is ungrateful to his Lord.”
·       [7:31] “O Children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loves not the wasters.”
These are the Ayaats Islam has given Muslims the golden rule of not wasting any thing. A Muslim must also strive to eliminate any wastage around him, at home, workplace, or in society even when faced with resistance. Following these principles an organization can be able to produce best quality products at the least possible cost.
The following Ayats from the Holy Quran reveals another golden rule that a Muslim businessman should learn from and practice in his daily life.
·       [2:233] “ No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear…”
·       [2:286] “On no soul doth Allah place a burden greater than it can bear… (Pray) Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear.”
·       These Ayats 2:233, 2:286 are emphasizing on the fact that physical, emotional, and intellectual capacity of an individual is limited and not exhaustive. Additionally, since every person is unique in his talents and temperament, and in his skills, it is important not to burden someone with a task that is beyond his scope to deal with it. This is an important principle of modern business management.
The principles mentioned in 2:233, 2:286, mean:
1. Do not over-burden any resource, whether it is a machine or an employee;
2. Do not under-load any machine or employee; and
3. Balance out the workload onto different machines or on different employees so that none of them is over-burdened or under-loaded with regards to their respective capacities.
For Toyota these three principles are called Muri, Mura and Muda categorized under a single principle called Heijunka, which means to level out the workload. Toyota Company practices these principles almost religiously
If principle (1) is not implemented and the machines are overloaded, then a lot of work-in-process inventory may pile up which will lead to added expenses in terms of material handling and holding cost. If the employees are overloaded, they may feel frustrated, de-motivated, and get tired very quickly, making them inefficient and prone to mistakes which will lead to wastage of time and money.
If principle (2) is not implemented and the machines or employees are under-utilized, the company will face an obvious wastage in the form of fixed overheads. Besides, idle employees are bored employees and highly de-motivated to carry out even the work which is assigned to them.
If principle (3) is not implemented and some employees are over-burdened while the others are sitting in idleness, it will not only create a feeling of injustice in the minds of those employees working but a sense of discrimination coupled with frustration and anger which can easily ignite into a possible conflict.
These golden principles are not merely for business management but for every person from every walk of life and profession. It is in fact a system of life as a whole (Deen).
The Modern organizations finally realized that customer satisfaction is vital for their survival and growth. This gave birth to the concept known as Quality Management Systems. There are some organizations whose main focus is to satisfy their customers about the quality of the product or service, and they never compromise on it. Interestingly enough, such companies are many times more profitable over other companies who do not have such intentions.
This golden rule of the Modern Organizations was also mentioned in the Holy Quran. .
 The Holy Quran spoke about Quality Management Systems, and is mentioned in, 7:85, 11:84-85, 17:35, 26:181-182, 55:7-9, 83:1-3
The Holy Quran commands:
·       [7:85] “...Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you, if ye have Faith.”
·       [11:84-85] “O my people! Worship Allah. Ye have no other god but Him. And give not short measure or weight: I see you in prosperity, but I fear for you the penalty of a day that will compass (you) all rounds. "And O my people! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due: commit not evil in the land with intent to do mischief.”
·       [17:35] “Give full measure when ye measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight: do not withhold from people (including customers) the things that are their due; …woe to those who deal in fraud…”
·       [26:181-182] "Give just measure, and cause no loss (to others by fraud). And weigh with scales true and upright.”
·       [55:7-9] “And the Firmament has He raised high, and He has set up the Balance (of Justice), in order that ye may not transgress (due) balance. So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance.”
·       [83:1-3]  “Woe to those that deal in fraud,- Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, exact full measure, But when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due. Do they not think that they will be called to account?”
The author and researcher Jim Collins describes about two companies Sony and Merck in his bestselling books titled “Built to last” and “Good to Great.” The founder of the Merck believed that medicine is for the sick (end) and not for making money out of it (means). The author states that these beliefs are even openly evident in their everyday activities within their companies. It is a natural law that when “means” are recognized as “means” and “ends” of human life are recognized as “ends”, only then the real process of socioeconomic, intellectual, and spiritual evolution takes places and takes us to the extremes of our potential.
For a Muslim businessman, there is no alternative but to satisfy his customer, for him, profit is only a “means” to keep his business alive and to satisfy his customer i.e. the “end.” Rest will be taken care by the God.
The Holy Quran authorizes this fact in 51:58
·       [51:58] “Allah is He who is the provider of all Rizq (Livelihood), the Lord of all Power.”
·       [2:212] “And Allah provides Rizq' to whom he wishes without any account."
Islam contains all modern quality management principles: According to Prof. AYKUT KIRBAS the verses of the Holy Qur’an and Ahadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him) contain all the principles used in modern-day quality management systems.
To run a business successfully, a businessman should keep his promises that he has made. Dr. Stephan R. Covey writes in his book ‘The 8th Habit’ nothing destroys trust faster than making and breaking a promise.” This fact is applicable not only in the business environment but also in our individual, social and political environments.
The Holy Quran has instructed the Muslims about this golden rule at several places:
·       [17:34] “Allah says, ‘Fulfill your contracts. Contracts will be asked about.’”
·       [16:91] “And the Almighty says, ‘Be true to Allah's contract when you have agreed to it.’
·       [5:1] “The Almighty says, ‘O you who believe! Fulfill your contracts.’
·       [61:2-3] “And the Almighty says, ‘O you who believe! Why do you say what you do not do? It is deeply abhorrent to Allah that you say what you do not do.’”  
14. Kaizen, JIT, and 5-S.
Jeffery K Liker in his book The Toyota Way has described that Toyota production system today comprises of 14 principles and some of these principles are technically known as Kaizen, JIT, and 5-S.
Kaizen is a Japanese word meaning continuous improvement. To implement Kaizen, the management of an organization should continuously seek to identify areas where wastage is being done. Once identified, they then set out to analyze the problem, suggest a solution, plan its implementation, implement it, and finally reviews the change for success or failure (PDCA cycle).
The concept of Just-in-Time invented by Toyota has revolutionized the Inventory Management Systems in the manufacturing organizations throughout the world. It is based on the golden principle of keeping only that much amount of inventory that is needed and in order to avoid in-process buffer inventory as much as possible until it is completely transformed into the finished good. JIT is an important part of Toyota Production System (TPS).
A Muslim should be a born JIT expert. The Holy Quran spoke about JIT in 2:219, 9:34. The Holy Quran instructs him in 2:219 that he should spend on himself only as much as he needs and to give away the excess in the way of Allah.
·       [2:219] “… They ask thee how much they are to spend in the way of Allah; Say: ‘What is beyond your needs.’” (i.e. do not hoard)”
A Muslim businessman will never accumulate large amount of inventories (wealth) as it is discouraged by the Holy Quran in 9:34, and so will refrain from going such a thing.
·       [9:34] “O ye who believe! … Those who buy gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah, announce unto them a most grievous penalty.”
Toyota calls it Genchi Gembitsu It works this way: in order to solve any problem, the manager or supervisor at Toyota is obligated to go and see for himself the issue, analyze it, and take corrective actions. Second hand information is simply not accepted because it is considered to be unreliable, or at least not 100% correct.
This fundamental principle of business management is also mentioned in the Holy Quran.
·       [17:36] “You shall not accept any information, unless you verify it for yourself. I have given you the hearing, the eyesight, and the brain, and you are responsible for using them.”
A Muslim should know that the Holy Quran commands him (not asks him) to be very cautious about the information he receives and to verify it for its accuracy before making any decision or judgment or opinion.
C) 5-S
is a set of 5 Japanese terminologies; each one of them states a very practical and important golden principle. Almost all Japanese firms follow these principles in order to achieve maximum amount of efficiency in their work.
Japanese Term                                    English Equivalent
Seiri                                                    Tidiness
Seiton                                                  Orderliness
Seiso                                                   Cleanliness                                                    
Seiketsu                                              Standardization
Shitsuki                                               Discipline
A brief detail of each follows:
The first step of the ‘5-S’ process, Seiri, refers to the act of discarding all unwanted, unnecessary, and unrelated materials from any place of concern. It could be the workplace or home or even a town.
This principle should be ingrained in the mindset of a true Muslim. The Holy Quran mentions this in 17:27 and 7:31
·       The Holy Quran Instructs: [2:219] “They ask thee how much they are to spend in the way of Allah; Say: ‘What is beyond your needs.’
            ‘Seiton,’ means orderliness, which is all about efficiency. This golden principle relates with putting everything in an assigned place so that it can be accessed or retrieved quickly, as well as returned to that same place without delays.
Seiso consists of cleaning up the workplace and giving it a ‘shine.’ Cleaning must be done by everyone in the organization, from operators to managers. Seiso cannot be achieved without having mutual respect for everyone and an atmosphere of brotherhood. Furthermore, it also requires an intrinsic desire and motivation for cleanliness.
The Holy Quran understands the importance of cleanliness and instructs its believers to keep themselves clean at all times.
·       The entire system of Salat (Prayer) is a perfect example and an exercise to ensure that Muslims obey and follow this golden rule at least five times a day, every day, throughout their lives. A Muslim offers his Salat in a Masjid behind an Imam. He first performs ablution which not only purifies him physically but also spiritually. He then stands shoulder-to- shoulder with his brothers irrespective of any social and economic status behind an Imam, and follows his instructions.
·       Similar should be the scenario in a workplace as well where everyone should feel responsible to work passionately (worship in Salat), respect each other (stand shoulder-to-shoulder), keep his surroundings clean (ablution and cleanliness of Masjid), and follow the instructions of their superiors (Imam) without any resistance or laziness. Needless to say, it is a perfect system.

The fourth step of 5-S is Seiketsu which more or less translates into ‘standardized cleanup.’ Seiketsu encompasses both personal and environmental cleanliness. People must practice Seiketsu starting with their personal tidiness to keep themselves motivated and mentally fresh. Visual management is an important ingredient of Seiketsu.
·       The Holy Quran also provides us with a standardized yet very comprehensive set of rules to obtain and maintain cleanliness at all physical, emotional, intellectual, and spiritual levels. One such standard is the five-time obligatory Salat which is also considered as the Pillar of Islam. Another is ablution, the standards of which are clearly stated in Islamic Fiqh.
The last step of 5-S is Shitsuke which literally means ‘Discipline.’
This golden rule denotes commitment to maintain orderliness and to practice the first 4 S’s as a way of life. The emphasis of Shitsuku is on the elimination of bad habits and constant practice of good ones. Once a person achieves the state of Shitsuke, cleanliness and orderliness is then voluntarily and at times subconsciously observed at all time, without the need of reminders or motivation. Shitsuke is the most evolved state of mind that incorporates all the previous golden rules. It is too obvious for any rational mind to conclude how natural it should be for a true Muslim to have this state of mind.
Success and prosperity of an Organization or a Man is the outcome of commitment to certain golden principles of life that are readily available to us in the Holy Quran. These principles are independent, universal of and primarily aim at building a “whole” man capable of achieving his true potential in the purpose of his life. The Holy Quran; the most comprehensive divine book of the world has the solution to every problem and what remains is the practical implementation of these principles in our socio-economic and political lives.
Islam offers sound management principles that are timeless. Taken from the Noble Quran and the practical example of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), these principles have been applied for over a thousand years. 
In the era of globalization where managers often find themselves managing a diverse blend of people across continents, there is a need for universal principles for management. Islam offers such principles and best practices that any manager can adopt for successful management. For every practitioner of management, from aspiring team leader to the seasoned CEO, these principles will prove to be invaluable as they are suitable for people of all faiths and cultures.

·       The Toyota Way by Jeffrey K.
·       Built to Last by Jim Collins.
·       The 8th Habit by Dr. Stephan R. Covey
·       Henri Fayal’s 14 Principles of Management by Mohammad Saad -.
·       Management in Islam by Javed Omar.
·       Wikipedia.
·       Modern Quality Management by Saudi Gazette
·       Principles of Islamic Management by M A C S N O T E.
·       The Inspired Manager, 40 Islamic Principles for Successful Management by Shabeer Ahmad and Maaz Gazdar .